Volume 6, Issue 4 (2022)                   Manage Strat Health Syst 2022, 6(4): 276-291 | Back to browse issues page

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latifi jaliseh S, safari palangi H. A Pattern for Assessing the Health System Governance in the Islamic Republic of Iran: A Thematic Analysis. Manage Strat Health Syst 2022; 6 (4) :276-291
URL: http://mshsj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-476-en.html
Assistant Professor, Health Promotion Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , hossein.comely@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1251 Views)
Abstract
Background: Governance in the health system is not just a vision, or a model for delivering services, but a key element in planning, implementing and evaluating activities to improve health. The main purpose of this study was to design a pattern for assessing Iran's Health System Governance.
Methods: The present study was descriptive in terms of purpose, qualitative in terms of application, and qualitative in terms of data type, which was conducted based on thematic analysis and deductive-inductive approach. 14 health system experts were selected through non-random-purposive sampling. To calculate reliability, test-retest reliability and coder reliability were used, which were 70 and 87 %, respectively. Also, Waltz and Basel method was used to assess the content validity of the extracted indices which was 85 %.
Results: After 6 stages of thematic analysis, 137 basic themes, 15 organizing themes and 5 comprehensive themes (health system accountability, health system participation, health system policy formulation, health system service provision, health system efficiency and quality) were obtained, and finally, a model for assessing the governance of the health system in the Islamic Republic of Iran was designed. Organizational accountability included 7 themes, ethical accountability, 9, and legal accountability included 6 .Financial accountability included 8 basic themes, and efficiency and quality, 10 basic themes. Implementation included 8 themes, comprehensiveness, 4, reporting, 12, and transparency, 6. Structural policy included 23 themes, social inclusion and justice policy, 6, and fiscal policy included 11 basic themes. Medical services included 4 themes, financial services, 7, human services and human rights, 9, and information and technology services included 7 basic themes. In this pattern, participation and policy formulation were considered input, and accountability, efficiency and quality and service delivery were considered output.
Conclusion: Lack of a clear definition for an appropriate interdepartmental cooperation, Lack of meritocracy, having a guild oriented attitude, conflict of interests, not using a policymaking approach based on a collective evidence and wisdom are among the shortcomings of the current health system governance. In addition, healthcare costs imposed on people are too high.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/11/5 | Published: 2022/03/16

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