Volume 8, Issue 1 (2023)                   Manage Strat Health Syst 2023, 8(1): 77-90 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.PNU.REC.1400.71302

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Aslani F, Mehtari M, Rafiyan N. The Effect of Impostor Syndrome on Job Involvement with Mediating Role of Structural Empowerment regarding the Employees of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Manage Strat Health Syst 2023; 8 (1) :77-90
URL: http://mshsj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-615-en.html
Assistant Professor, Department of Public Management, School of Management, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran , f.aslani@pnu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (268 Views)
Background: Empowerment allows health managers to make a conscious choice to improve the quality of care. On the other hand, one of the factors that may affect psychological aspects of employees and decrease job participation of employees is imposter syndrome. The main goal of this research was to determine the effect of imposter syndrome on job involvement with the mediating role of structural empowerment of employees.
Methods: This was a descriptive-analytical study conducted cross-sectionally in 2021. The statistical population of the present study included all employees (1300) working in Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. The sample size was estimated to be 297 people through Cochran method and stratified random sampling method. Data collection tools included the standard imposter questionnaires of Klans and Ames (1987), Shafli et al.'s job involvement questionnaire (2006), and Maleki et al.'s structural empowerment questionnaire (2012). Face validity was confirmed by professors and experts, convergent validity with a mean variance of greater than 0.5, and divergent validity was confirmed using Fornell and Larker methods. Also, the reliability of the instrument was confirmed with the Cronbach's alpha of greater than 0.7. Data analysis was done with descriptive and inferential statistical tests using structural equation method and SPSS 22 and PLS 3 statistical software.
Results: Based on the analysis of research variables, imposter syndrome had a negative and significant effect (P < 0.001) on job involvement and structural empowerment of employees with path coefficients of - 0.349 and - 0.856, respectively. There was a positive and significant correlation (P < 0.001) between structural empowerment of employees' job involvement and a path coefficient of 0.452. Finally, self-destructive syndrome with the mediating role of structural empowerment had a significant and negative effect (P < 0.001) on job involvement of employees with a path coefficient of - 0.386.
Conclusion: Structural empowerment is associated with higher work efficiency and engagement among employees. Accordingly, structural empowerment may increase work engagement by stimulating employees' intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. But the presence of employees with imposter syndrome leads to the opposite effect.

Full-Text [PDF 1142 kb]   (171 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (131 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2022/12/18 | Published: 2023/06/17

1. 1) Abel SE, Hand MW. Exploring, defining, and illustrating a concept: structural and psychological empowerment in the workplace. Nursing Forum 2018; 53(4): 579-84. doi: 10.1111/nuf.12289.
2. 2) Villegas BS. Factors influencing administrators’ empowerment and financial management effectiveness. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 2015; 176: 466-75. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro. 2015.01.498.
3. 3) Fragkos KC, Makrykosta P, Frangos CC. Structural empowerment is a strong predictor of organizational commitment in nurses: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. J Adv Nurs 2020; 76(4): 939-62. doi: 10.1111/jan.14289.
4. 4) Trus M, Martinkenas A, Suominen T. International nursing: how much power do nurse managers have?. Nursing Administration Quarterly 2017; 41(4): 337-45. doi: 10.1097/naq.0000000000000247.
5. 5) Moura LN, Camponogara S, Santos JLGD, Gasparino RC, Da Silva RM, Freitas EDO. Structural empowerment of nurses in the hospital setting. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem 2020; 28(e3373): doi: 10.1590/1518-8345.3915.3373.
6. 6) Ta'an WF, Alhurani J, Alhalal E, Al-Dwaikat TN, Al-Faouri I. Nursing empowerment: how job performance is affected by a structurally empowered work environment. The Journal of Nursing Administration 2020; 50(12): 635-41. doi: 10.1097/ NNA.0000000000000951.
7. 7) Doaee H, Yaghobi NM, Firoozbakht Z, Shekhepor Z, Shekhepor Z. Employee empowerment as a mediator between intellectual capital and the quality of working life. Quantitative Researches in Management 2014; 5(2): 92-106. [Persian]
8. 8) Barani S, Afkhami Ardakani M, Radmard SGh. Investigating the organizational factors underlying the empowerment of employees of the oil industry research institute. Quarterly Magazine of Strategic Management in Industrial Systems (Former Industrial Management) 2012; 7(20): 56-76. [Persian]
9. 9) Siekkinen M, Kuokkanen L, Kuusisto H, Leino-Kilpi H, Rautava P, Rekunen M, et al. Work empowerment among cancer care professionals: a cross-sectional study. BMC Health Services Research 2021; 21(1): 1-11. doi: 10.1186/s12913-021-06528-8.
10. 10) García‐Sierra R, Fernández‐Castro J. Relationships between leadership, structural empowerment, and engagement in nurses. Journal of Advanced Nursing 2018; 74(12): 2809-19. doi: 10.1111/jan.13805.
11. 11) Orgambídez A, Almeida H. Core burnout and power in Portuguese nursing staff: an explanatory model based on structural empowerment. Workplace Health & Safety 2019; 67(8): 391-8. doi: 10.1177/2165079918822648.
12. 12) Goedhart NS, Van Oostveen CJ, Vermeulen H. The effect of structural empowerment of nurses on quality outcomes in hospitals: a scoping review. Journal of Nursing Management 2017; 25(3): 194-206. doi: 10.1111/jonm.12455.
13. 13) Terkamo-Moisio A, Palonen M, Vaartio-Rajalin H, Peltonen LM, Partanen P, Leino-Kilpi H, et al. Structural and psychological empowerment of students obtaining continuing leadership education in Finland–a national survey. Nurse Education Today 2022; 116: 105456. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2022.105456.
14. 14) Laschinger HK, Finegan J, Shamian J, Wilk P. Impact of structural and psychological empowerment on job strain in nursing work settings: expanding Kanter’s model. The Journal of Nursing Administration 2001; 31(5): 260-72. doi: 10.1097/ 00005110-200105000-00006.
15. 15) Bonyad Karizme T, Rahimi Pordanjani T, Mohamadzadeh Ebrahimi A. The relationships between structural and psychological empowerment and job satisfaction among nurses. Journal of Hayat 2016; 22(3): 201-15. [Persian]
16. 16) Lesener T, Gusy B, Jochmann A, Wolter C. The drivers of work engagement: a meta-analytic review of longitudinal evidence. Work & Stress 2020; 34(3): 259-78. doi: 10.1080/02678373.2019.1686440.
17. 17) Xanthopoulou D, Bakker AB, Demerouti E, Schaufeli WB. Reciprocal relationships between job resources, personal resources, and work engagement. Journal of Vocational Behavior 2009; 74(3): 235-44. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2008.11.003.
18. 18) Ren Y, Tang R, Li M. The relationship between delay of gratification and work engagement: the mediating role of job satisfaction. Heliyon 2022; 8(8): e10111. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e10111.
19. 19) Salimi M, Hasani A, Raadabadi M, Taheri Mirghaed M, Hosseini SH, Bakhtiari M. The correlation between organizational citizenship behavior and job involvement of staff at educational & private hospital. JHPM 2013; 2(4): 50-6. [Persian]
20. 20) Reisi Z, Salehi M. Introducing imposter syndrome (successful people disoider), its causes, signs and consequences. Knowledge & Research in Applied Psychology 2009; 10(35): 207-30. [Persian]
21. 21) LaDonna KA, Ginsburg S, Watling C. “Rising to the level of your incompetence”: what physicians’ self-assessment of their performance reveals about the imposter syndrome in medicine. Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges. 2018; 93(5):763-8. doi: 10.1097/acm.0000000000002046.
22. 22) Stone S, Saucer C, Bailey M, Garba R, Hurst A, Jackson SM, et al. Learning while black: a culturally informed model of the impostor phenomenon for black graduate students. Journal of Black Psychology 2018; 44(6): 491-531. doi: 10.1177/ 0095798418786648.
24. 23) Young V. Finding a Name for the Feelings. Available from URL: https://impostorsyndrome.com/ blog/finding-a-name-for-the-feelings/. Last access: Aug 31, 2011.
25. 24) Amor AM, Vázquez JPA, Faíña JA. Transformational leadership and work engagement: exploring the mediating role of structural empowerment. European Management Journal 2020; 38(1): 169-78. doi: 10.1016/j.emj.2019.06.007.
26. 25) Kalayi Rad M, Madani Pour N, Salehi M. The relationship between perfectionism and early maladaptive fantasies with imposter syndrome in female students. Journal of Excellence in Counseling and Psychotherapy 2021; 9(36): 24-33. doi: 20.1001.1.25382799.1399. [Persian]
27. 26) Clance PR, Imes SA. The imposter phenomenon in high achieving women: dynamics and therapeutic intervention. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice 1978; 15(3): 241-7. doi: 10.1037/h0086006.
28. 27) Schaufeli WB, Bakker AB, Salanova M. The measurement of work engagement with a short questionnaire: a cross-national study. Educational and Psychological Measurement 2006; 66(4): 701-16. doi: 10.1177/0013164405282471.
29. 28) Maleki MR, Gohari MR, Ghorbanian A. Relationship between structural empowering and nurses’ readiness for change. Iran Journal of Nursing 2012; 25(76): 10-18. [Persian]
30. 29) Davari A, Rezazadeh A. Structural equation modeling with PLS software. 1st ed. Tehran: Jihad university press; 2013: 51-64. [Persian]
31. 30) Bagozzi R, Youjae Y. On the evaluation of structural equation models. Journal of the Academy ofMarketing Science 1988; 16: 74-94. doi: 10.1177/009207038801600107.
32. 31) Zainivand Z, Amini Javaid Le, Moradi, A. A study on the relationship between fear of success, emotions of shame and guilt with imposter syndrome among female students. Quarterly Journal of Women's Studies Sociological and Psychological 2015; 13(1): 161-80. doi: 10.22051/jwsps.2015.1942. [Persian]
33. 32) Hutchins HM, Penney LM, Sublett LW. What imposters risk at work: exploring imposter phenomenon, stress coping, and job outcomes. Human Resource Development Quarterly 2018; 29(1): 31-48. doi: 10.1002/hrdq.21304.
34. 33) Shahbazinia Sh. The relationship between attachment styles and imposter syndrome and job burnout of Gachsaran Oil and Gas Exploitation Company employees [master thesis]. Marvdasht: Islamic Azad university, Marvdasht Branch, School of educational sciences; 2018. [Persian]
35. 34) Dozier V. A few kind, but true words: using the research consultation to empower marginalized grad students struggling with imposter syndrome. 49th information literacy in a time of transformation conference; 2021 May 11-14; Eastern Michigan University, USA, Eastern Michigan University. 2021: 3-7.
36. 35) Bernard DL, Hoggard LS, Neblett EW. Racial discrimination, racial identity, and impostor phenomenon: a profile approach. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 2018; 24(1): 51-61. doi: 10.1037/ cdp0000161.
37. 36) Pourhosein R, Alizadeh B. Investigating the relationship of impostering with self-concept and different genders in students. Journal of Psychological Sciences 2015; 13(52): 463-71. [Persian]
38. 37) Amor AM, Xanthopoulou D, Calvo N, Vázquez JPA. Structural empowerment, psychological empowerment, and work engagement: a cross-country study. European Management Journal 2021; 39(6): 779-89. doi: 10.1016/j.emj.2021.01.005.
39. 38) Salanova M, Schaufeli WB. A cross-national study of work engagement as a mediator between job resources and proactive behaviour. The International Journal of Human Resource Management 2008; 19(1): 116-31. doi: 10.1080/09585190701763982.
40. 39) Bakker AB, Albrecht SL, Leiter MP. Key questions regarding work engagement. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 2011; 20(1): 4-28. doi: 10.1080/1359432X. 2010. 485352.
41. 40) Boamah S, Laschinger H. Engaging new nurses: the role of psychological capital and workplace empowerment. Journal of Research in Nursing 2015; 20(4): 265-77. doi: 10.1177/1744987114527302.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Management Strategies in Health System

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb