Volume 4, Issue 4 (2020)                   Manage Strat Health Syst 2020, 4(4): 313-327 | Back to browse issues page

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Alipoor F, Shahvari Z. Marginalization of Professionalism in Clinical Settings; A qualitative study at Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Manage Strat Health Syst 2020; 4 (4) :313-327
URL: http://mshsj.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-273-en.html
Assistant Professor, Midvifery Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Islamic Azad University of Gachsaran,Gachsaran, Iran , shahvarizahra@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1692 Views)
Background: Management-level challenges are among the factors that undermine the individuals' adherence to professional behavior in clinical settings. This study investigated glitches of the management system in clinical settings from the perspective of staff, faculty members, and medical students/residents in hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences.
Methods: This qualitative study was conducted in 2 parts by exploring the viewpoints of personnel and physicians. In this regard, 8 focus group discussions were performed with 85 faculty members, clinical residents, and interns. Furthermore, 15 focus group discussions were held with 165 staffs. Available sampling method was applied to collect the participants and the data were analyzed using the content analysis method.
Results: A total of 22 focus-group discussions were conducted with 250 participants; Participants' age ranged from 24 to 65 years. Participants' education levels varied from diploma to postgraduate for the staff and from medical student to sub-specialist for the physicians. Finally, management-level barriers, which undermine the staffs' ability to adhere to professional behavior in clinical settings were explained with 315 codes, 12 subcategories, and 2 main categories of "macro management issues " and "hospital management issues".
Conclusion: Managers are required to consider providing a proper context for enforcing the professional behavior law, selecting middle managers based on their empowerment in performing the professional behaviors, prioritizing the professional behavior in policy making, and promoting the professional behavior in an administrative system consistent with the health system. In selecting the hospital managers, authorities are recommended to consider the managers' professional behavior and power in implementing the professionalism leadership. Moreover, the possibility of conducting professional behavior should be considered in making the policies.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/08/28 | Published: 2020/03/15

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